In the area of Poverty Reduction and Governance, the UNDAF aims to jointly enhance good governance, as well as economic and social growth, in order to reduce poverty, unlock human potential, protect rights, and improve core public functions. To this end, the UN and its partners focus on capacity-development as a way to enhance poverty reduction and economic development programmes, with a particular emphasis on the rural poor, women and marginalized people. This also strengthens national capacities to implement democratic governance practices grounded in international standards and law, and to effectively and strategically plan, finance and implement development initiatives in an inclusive and participatory manner. Recognizing the close interconnectedness between environment, poverty and development, the UN develops national capacity to integrate environmentally sustainable planning for economic growth and poverty reduction.
Partners and Coordination:
The main partners are the Executive Office of the President; the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade (MoEDT); the Ministry of Finance (MoF); the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Security (MoS), the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection (MoLSP), the Committee on Environmental Protection (CoEP), the Majlisi Oli (Parliament), the Agency on Anti-Corruption, oblast and district Hukumats and Jamoat authorities, and micro-finance/business advisory services. Coordination is facilitated by the Border International Group, the Local Governance Working Group, the Public Finance Management Theme Group (operated out of the Ministry of Finance), as well as ad-hoc policy and working groups, as needed.
Challenges: The environment for entrepreneurial activity and investment is unfavorable. Currently, the investment environment is constrained by bureaucratic hurdles, overly complex tax codes, restricted capital and strong interests opposed to developing a legitimate private sector.
Government and public administration at all levels have limited transparency and accountability. Local self-government remains poorly developed as the result of constrained capacity and resources, as well as over-centralization (a complex and conflicting framework of roles and relations governing four levels of government: national, regional, district and village). Capacity limitations of local authorities have been identified through assessments and projects’ lessons learned. These negatively impact the quality and quantity of social services and communal services at the local level, which in turn impede development of the local economy and human potential. Capacity development on its own will not address systemic and institutional shortcomings. Accordingly, the UNCT and its partners have identified two agency outcomes: (i) enhanced poverty reduction and economic development programmes and (ii) increased government capacity to implement sound democratic governance practices.
Results: The UNCT works closely with other donors in this area (particularly the EU and WB) to complement their work in building key management capacities in public administration. The objective is to eventually push forward donor assistance to sector-wide approaches (SWA) and direct budgetary assistance. This includes close cooperation with donors in introducing a medium-term expenditure framework as part of the government’s regular budgeting process.
Relating to the field of Poverty Reduction, the following results have been achieved:
A new mid-term Living Standards Improvement Strategy for 2013-2015 (LSIS) has been approved.
Capacity building of MEDT, SCISPM and other line ministries on national aid coordination and monitoring of national strategies has taken place.
The UN Country Team conducted Post 2015 MDG consultation to formulate future priorities and this in turn will help the process of the NDS preparation for 2016-2030.
UNDP through the Aid for Trade Initiative provided a new mechanism for funding SMEs (Business Challenge Fund), which can be used as alternative financing.
Two initiatives have been completed – RGP and TAPRI – which covered Sughd and Khatlon regions.
The progress achieved concerning Governance in Tajikistan is as follows:
As part of the Public Administration Reform (PAR), functional reviews of 7 line Ministries were conducted.
In 2010 Tajikistan developed the second Mid-Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) for 2011-2013.
Within the Agrarian Reform Initiative, UNDP supported the Government in undertaking the Functional Analysis for the improvement of the management system of the agrarian sector at the local level.
National Aid coordination was improved through support to SCISPM.
Now 33 districts have developed their local development plans (DDPs).
Way forward: Poverty Reduction:NDS/LSIS implementation and monitoring under MEDT will be linked with sub-national development programmes; new NDS for 2016-2030 will be initiated; advocating of MDG Acceleration Framework among UN and other agencies for speeding up achievement of MDGs 4,5 and 6 as well as developing and promoting Public-Private Partnerships and Dialogue.
Governance: support will be focused on capacity development of agencies with responsibility for MDGs and Poverty Reduction priorities and with sectoral and local government linkages. UNDP also continues to render support towards effective coordination between Government and Donors to ensure implementation of the NDS/LSIS. Trans-border cooperation along Tajik-Afghan and Uzbek-Afghan borders will be supported to improve cross border cooperation, reduce crime and promote legal trade, travel and commerce.