Access of infants, children and adolescents to health protection in Tajikistan is inadequate because of inadequate funding, poor infrastructure, low public awareness, insufficient analysis of the quality of services, and an inadequate monitoring and evaluation system.
In Tajikistan, the problem of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies among mothers and children remain unsolved. Childhood diseases, such as pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, measles and malnutrition have caused more than 70% of infant mortality in children under 5 years of age.
With support from UNICEF and WHO, a mass immunization campaign was conducted against diphteria, polio and measles, which has brought the number of diphteria cases down to 0.05 cases per 100,000 population (2009), measles down to 0.03 cases (2007) and has eradicated polio alltogether. The efforts to reduce child mortality from diarrheal diseases are being further strengthened.
In order to reduce the helminthes incidence in the country, de-worming is annually conducted among children of preschool and school age, decreasing parasitic disease from 63% to 14.8% (2007).
Infant and child mortality rates in Tajikistan remain high. But in recent years, some progress has been made and a clear downward trend can be distinguished. In 2005, infant mortality fell to 65 per 1,000 live births.