In the area of social protection, the UNDAF works towards the following: vulnerable groups (youth, women and refugees) will have acquired greater capacities to find employment; there is an improved coverage of quality social services and assistance among vulnerable groups, particularly at-risk children, women and refugees; the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection (MoLSP) will be better able to develop policy, assess needs and tailor social assistance; a multi-tiered child protection system is enforced and implemented; the use of social workers and 11 community-based family support services will be more common; and the number of children in institutions will have substantially declined.
Partners and Coordination: The main partners are the MoLSP and its local Departments, the National Commission on Child Rights, Child Rights Departments, the Ministry of Finance, the Executive Office of the President, and local NGOs or CBOs that provide family support services. The UN Thematic Working Groups (TWG) of Social Protection will continue to meet to coordinate and monitor UNDAF activities and results, as well as partnership arrangements. The TWG works closely with national mechanisms for coordination, particularly with regard to the provision of social work services.
Challenges: The UNCT will work to ensure that by 2015, more vulnerable individuals, households and groups have access to improved quality social protection through gainful employment, social insurance, and targeted social assistance. Reform of the social welfare system is necessary to enable the delivery of socio-economic benefits; protect vulnerable members of the population against unemployment and inflation; and reintegrate them in the home society; and achieve the MDG on poverty. There are several challenges that the UNCT is well-positioned to address:
Many vulnerable people (youth, women, refugees) are particularly at risk of unemployment as a result of their limited marketable skills.
The social security system is biased against women; does not exist for refugees and migrants; is not fully rights-or needs-based; and is under-funded and expensive to administer.
Residential care institutions are over-used as a protection response for vulnerable children.
The social work profession is underdeveloped.
There is a lack of adequate/coordinated social security provision for assisting the returnee migrants in the country and no state programmes to assist this group.
Results: With respect to empowering vulnerable groups (particularly rural women, returning migrants, and refugees), the UNCT has already succeeded to ensure that by 2015, these groups have acquired marketable knowledge, skills and resources. This has been achieved through the improvement of vocational training curricula; capacity building to provide vocational training; supporting training initiatives; and enabling initiatives that provide clients with business development skills and resources.
A 4-year national curriculum on social work has been approved and is being implemented by the Department of Philosophy of the TNU and the SWRC is officially integrated into the MLSP structure. An HIV workplace policy was developed, and the network of non-residential family-support social services was expanded from 5 to over 10 districts.
The UNCT and its partners also work to ensure that social insurance; quality social services and social assistance are more accessible to vulnerable groups, particularly at-risk children, women, refugees, and persons living with HIV/AIDS.
With regard to social protection of people with disabilities, the UNCT has supported the development of the Draft National Programme on Social Protection of PWD for 2020, which is being finalized by the MLSP. Furthermore, a National Action Plan on Elimination of Child Labour for 2013-2020 has been approved; Child Rights Units have been established and received support and a Child Labour Monitoring Sector was established and functions under the MLSP in order to identify, refer, withdraw and prevent child labour.
Concerning migrants, given the fact that destination countries like Russia and Kazakhstan are employing restrictive migration policies, the UNCT has ensured that labour migrants are partially covered by National social insurance system.
Finally, with a view to ensuring that the social protection system is enabled to develop and implement policies based on standards and data, the UNCT supports the government to align its legislation, policies and implementation mechanisms with international standards. Furthermore, the UNCT helps integrate international standards for monitoring vulnerable groups into national statistics.